NGOs, as the name suggests, are not a single entity but a group of civil and political organizations that work in human rights and advocacy. They provide direct services to victims of human rights violations and help promote knowledge and respect for human rights in the general population.
NGOs are more of service providers, economic partners, and political associates.
Despite being a small country, Nigeria has a vibrant civil society. It includes religious bodies, ethnic and subethnic associations, village cooperatives, foundations, and occupation-based groups. Its most defining feature is its commitment to democracy. Its achievements include the Better Life Program, which transformed the expectations of ordinary Nigerians.
But in recent years, the NGO sector has been a focal point for criticism. Its local counterparts have been accused of being corrupt. NGOs often tout their ability to combat corruption. However, NGOs are rarely correctly administered, and there is little evidence to suggest that their activities are a solution to the problem.
The NGO sector is a prime example of how a symbiotic relationship between the state and the international development community contributes to inequality in Nigeria. The relationship is also a product of a political economy shaped by patron clients. People rely on others of their kin to get ahead. NGOs can serve as mechanisms for re-creating inequality through development projects.
While most pro-government NGOs are unregistered, the sector does include several well-known entities. For example, Dallah, a non-governmental organization based in southern Benue State, has been generating buzz lately. Its rise illustrates the emergence of a new generation of pro-government NGOs in Nigeria.
These NGOs are often touted as mechanisms to provide ordinary people greater access to the state. They also have the power to mitigate the misuse of state power. However, many NGOs are designed to carry out corruption.
This means that their achievements may be negated by their misuse.
Pro-government NGOs are also the product of a more deliberate strategy by the elites. Their creation is a response to the widespread awareness of corruption. They also serve as facades for politicians, which makes them appear altruistic. They can also act as a way to control donor resources.
NGOs promote knowledge of, and respect for, human rights among the population.
NGOs are independent organizations that can fund private donations, membership dues, or grants from international institutions. NGOs often work on advocacy, education, and development issues. Many NGOs rely on volunteer or paid staff to carry out their work.
Some NGOs are organized nationally, while others are based in two countries. The government and private donors often fund NGOs. In some cases, NGOs can hire foreign staff to satisfy donor requirements. They may also undervalue the expertise of the local staff.
Some NGOs have worked to promote awareness about human rights. They have arranged seminars, conducted research, and organized short-term training courses.
Similarly, NGOs have worked to improve the lives of people who have survived landmines. Some NGOs also work to promote the rights of children. For example, the International Voluntary Organization for Women conducts awareness-raising campaigns against child labor.
Another NGO, the Humanitarian Organization for Poverty Eradication, promotes social awareness and education in poor communities. It also works to involve youth in development work. It works to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS, sexual abuse, and drug abuse. In addition, the organization works to involve women in development work.
The United Nations Population Fund has helped countries understand population issues and introduce population and development policies. The fund has also helped countries raise educational standards and improve health care. It also promotes the full recognition of women’s rights. It helps countries to build integrative reproductive health programs.
Other NGOs have worked to improve the lives of persons with disabilities. The NGO Little People of Kosovo, promotes the rights of persons with disabilities, especially children.
It also encourages the participation of people with disabilities in cultural activities. Similarly, the Nepal National Federation of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing conducts research, works to promote the rights of deaf people, and works to integrate deaf people into other fields.
NGOs offer direct service to victims of human rights violations.
NGOs offer direct service to victims of human rights violations in Nigeria, but much of that service is useless. A lot of the time, it isn’t even possible. But what NGOs do is give a voice to the people and promote human rights.
The best NGOs use a variety of tactics to reach out to the public and raise awareness about human rights. These methods include social media, blogs, petitions, and email campaigns.
These tactics are combined with various strategies depending on the organization’s objectives.
Some NGOs, like Physicians for Human Rights, use scientific techniques to raise awareness about human rights. Others, like Human Rights Watch, work with local groups in the field.
One international human rights NGO, Global Witness, uses a variety of tactics to raise awareness about human rights abuses. It also works to bring perpetrators to justice.
The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) recently expressed concern about Nigeria’s deteriorating situation. The organization says that the government’s ‘transition to democracy’ has been accompanied by intimidation, arbitrary arrests, and torture.
The federation has called for establishing a Special Rapporteur to investigate the human rights situation in Nigeria.
NGOs also use the media to raise awareness about human rights. They may use petitions and social media to garner support and encourage public scrutiny of government policies.
Some NGOs are funded by private donations or by government grants. Others rely on membership dues or sales of goods. Several EU grants are available to NGOs to help fund their activities. Some NGOs even take the initiative to use street action to draw attention to a particular issue.
Nigeria’s political economy is organized around patron-clients
Despite being a multiethnic federation, Nigeria has been characterized by pronounced political and economic instability.
A series of global commodity shocks in the early 2000s weakened Nigeria’s macroeconomic stability. Its economy is expected to grow at 3.2% in 2022-2024. This growth is predicted to be accompanied by an increase in the number of Nigerians living in extreme poverty.
Inequality in Nigeria has roots in a lack of job opportunities. People rely on their kin and social ties for opportunities and assistance. They also rely on the state to assist.
In Nigeria, the political economy is organized around patron clients. People of power organize the patron-client system.
It provides clients with access to resources and the loyalty of people of humble status. The patron-client relationship is similar to a family bond. It is a system of mutual support and is renegotiated continuously.
Many African countries have embraced the patron-client system. However, this system has also given rise to an individualistic pursuit of wealth and power. This article explores how corruption and inequality are interrelated in Nigeria’s development industry.
The study of Nigeria’s local NGOs provides a critical window into the state’s and society’s relationship. It traces the growth of these organizations and their effects on corruption and inequality.
Studying corruption in Nigeria’s development industry also provides insights into the relationship between inequality and development. The most dramatic forms of corruption occur at the interface between the state and NGOs. This article presents a series of ethnographic case studies to explore the effects of local NGOs.
Corruption is a common problem in Nigeria. It is often blamed for the country’s shortcomings. However, the perception of corruption obscures inequality’s political and economic underpinnings.
NGOs are getting backdated registration certificates.
NGOs are getting backdated registration certificates in Nigeria. This article examines the corruption afflicting this part of the country’s development industry. Using ethnographic case studies, the article traces the history of the local NGO sector and reveals how it has become a breeding ground for corruption.
The main argument for the existence of NGOs is that they provide the opportunity for ordinary people to interact with the government. However, a large proportion of the Nigerian NGO sector was created in response to donor monies.
The main problem is that many elite-engineered NGOs are designed to carry out corruption. This article examines the reasons for NGOs’ proliferation in Nigeria and the corresponding shortcomings.
The most important fact to note is that no laws in Nigeria specifically provide for the deductibility of donations made to Nigerian NGOs. However, the law does provide tax exemptions.
The government also provides various benefits for those who work for society. The Better Life Program, for example, is emblematic of this.
One of the most important benefits of working for society is giving one a sense of purpose. It also creates a sense of social belonging. This is particularly true in a country where people rely on their kin for opportunities and assistance.
There are three types of organizations – government-organized, non-government-organized, and informal. A government-organized NGO has a legal status and provides tax exemptions. An informal organization is a group of people meeting to discuss common interest issues. It does not need to be government-related. An informal organization can be established by anyone, not just citizens of the United States.
The best way to make sense of this situation is to look at the history of the local NGO sector. Using ethnographic case studies, I examined how corruption has played a role in the proliferation of NGOs in the country and what the implications of this are for Nigeria’s development sector.