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Analysis of the function and assistance provided by NGOs to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Nigeria

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NGOs have played an essential role in providing support and services to displaced people. However, a lack of trust between the NGOs and the government has resulted in an impasse in collaboration. The article aims to explain the relationship between environmental change, poverty, population growth and displacement, and the role and contribution of NGOs in these areas.

Relationship between environmental change, poverty, population growth, and displacement

Among the many factors causing displacement are climate change, natural disasters, and increased resource competition. All of these can create conflict and suffering. They can also trigger migration. These movements may be voluntary or forcibly forced.

In a recent report, the World Bank found that 143 million people could be forced to leave their homes within their country’s borders in the next 20 years. Most people would be forced to leave in response to weather-related disasters. These people are called “environmentally induced forced migrants.” 

These displaced people do not meet the criteria for inclusion in the UN’s annual World Refugee Survey or its legal framework.

Aside from climate-induced forced migration, more people will be forced to move from rural areas to nearby towns. This is not a new phenomenon. 

Over a third of the planet has been lost in the past 40 years, with environmental degradation leading to land loss and food shortages. The soil is lost 10 to 100 times faster than it is forming.

This is a growing problem in many countries. Some regions do not have the resources to adapt to the changes. They may be forced to move to regions with better economic and social conditions. This can lead to armed conflict.

In many areas, including the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Sahel in Africa, drought has made farming difficult. The increase in groundwater salinization has also caused a decrease in water availability. It has also increased competition for the remaining arable land. The shift in rainfall magnitude and timing has contributed to ethnic tensions.

Some researchers have focused on the interconnection between migration and environmental change. One group, the Hugo Observatory at the University of Liege, focuses on this intersection.

Lack of trust undermines collaboration between government and NGOs

Despite the growing presence of NGOs in North Darfur State, a collaboration between the two parties is still weak. The article identifies challenges that hamper this collaboration.

The arrival of an NGO worker in a village increased the likelihood that villagers would receive health care. 

This was especially true for infant mortality. However, the presence of a government worker produced a more mixed picture. Villages without a government worker saw lower infant mortality. However, the presence of a government worker also resulted in a more substantial increase in infant mortality.

The study also found that governments do not trust NGOs, which directly impacts collaboration. NGOs are often viewed as less transparent and less active than the government. Moreover, the government’s desire to control the NGOs makes collaboration less effective.

Security issues have also hindered NGO-government collaboration. For instance, getting permission to enter conflict-affected areas took four to six days. In rebel-controlled areas, the process took even longer. This and a lack of knowledge prevent successful engagement between the government and NGOs.

The presence of an NGO can also crowd out public programs or even the entire government. NGOs need to maintain relationships with government institutions. This can help NGOs fill essential gaps in public services. However, if NGOs want to succeed in their mission, they should learn to overcome the obstacles that the government presents.

NGOs should also consider expanding their coordination with local governments. Many small villages have historically funded services through voluntary taxes. However, the arrival of an NGO worker could crowd out the government and lead to more health care for the entire community.

Promoting knowledge of, and respect for, human rights among the population

During resettlement processes, private actors are often the only ones accountable for ensuring that human rights are not compromised. In addition, the role of national human rights institutions is also crucial. It is essential for national human rights institutions to fulfill their role as independent, impartial observers of resettlement and to be able to demand corrections in the resettlement process if violations are found.

Although many multinational companies have developed human rights policy statements, there is still much more that they could do. Involuntary resettlement practices pose significant human rights risks. The international community adopted human rights standards, and the adoption of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in 2011 has highlighted the responsibility of businesses to respect human rights.

Involuntary resettlement procedures require people to re-establish their lives, homes, and social relationships. This creates considerable stress. 

This stress can be alleviated through better access to information and improved participation. However, it also creates inequality and conflicts in the affected communities.

One way to help alleviate the impact of resettlement is to ensure that the affected people are empowered. This can result in better livelihood programs and contribute to the fulfillment of other relevant human rights. This includes the right to adequate housing and water right.

It’s also important to talk about the right to be compensated fairly and promptly and the right to be free from discrimination. This right should be accompanied by compensation packages that respect gender, including single women and men, widows, children, and other beneficiaries.

The practice of involuntary resettlement violates fundamental human rights and creates multidimensional stress. Moreover, it violates the right to health, food, life, and adequate housing.

NGOs are helpful to the IDPs and in the R & R scheme.

NGOs play an essential role in health service delivery in North Darfur State. They provide quality health services to the people of the district and IDPs. They also provide training courses for public sector health personnel. They also provide technical assistance to rural hospitals. 

The NGOs have also successfully established 20 health centers in all districts of North Darfur State. They have also been active in the protection of IDPs.

However, the health system has been crumbling since the conflict in Sudan. There is a lack of knowledge and skills among government health staff. The health system’s collapse has made collaboration between the government and NGOs difficult. 

The government views NGOs as being over-critical of government policies. They also view NGOs as not transparent and authoritarian. In addition, the government views NGOs as more of a global player than a local actor.

The role of NGOs in addressing health issues in North Darfur State is still developing. However, NGOs have made a good impression in communicating with IDPs and the poor. 

In addition, NGOs have worked in cooperation with the government. Their goal is to play a role in the formulation of health policy. They also aim to maintain the sustainability of health projects. The NGOs believe their involvement in the State Ministry of Health and the community is essential to their project success.

NGOs are collaborating with the government in North Darfur State to improve the health system. They have also provided financial resources to the State Ministry of Health. But the main challenge is how the government would deliver curative health services to the poor.

Income-generating schemes increased confidence and self-esteem in indigenous women

NGOs are a significant player in addressing the development needs of the displaced. While many NGOs focus on demonstration and construction projects, others are interested in providing development inputs such as health camps and nutritional supplements. 

In general, NGOs are interested in questions of human security for all IDPs in a state. They provide skill-based training to IDPs, organize health camps, and provide vocational training.

NGOs have played an essential role in reintegrating tribal people and resolving tribal issues. However, there have been clashes between the government and NGOs, which have resulted in significant delays in the implementation of R&R. 

NGOs are generally interested in providing development inputs but may not be as effective as the government when addressing the needs of the displaced.

One example of a successful R&R program is the Narmada Project. The project adopted 65 rehabilitation sites in the Vadodara district, which helped displaced people improve their livelihoods. It also promoted a participatory approach to community development. In the process, NGOs assisted displaced people in claiming their rights. The project also provided skill-based training to IDPs, such as fire safety training for youths and jam-jelly making.

It also increased the confidence and self-esteem of indigenous women. The program helped people in saving money through self-help group activities. It also helped women generate income by knitting.

This may seem like a cliché, but it was a surprisingly successful program. One hundred fifty youths were able to find jobs through the program. In addition, there were opportunities for women to generate income through knitting and other skill-based training. The program also included youth fire safety training and organic farming for women.

1 Comment

  • mobileautodetailingkc.com

    August 12, 2023 - 10:30 am

    Looking forward to reading more. Great blog.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

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